BY JULIE JARGON
The once-humble ham-burger has become too fancy for its own good.
Brian Cockerline, a 20-year-old Rutgers University student, used to go to Five Guys for a burger once a week in South Plainfield, N.J. With fries and a drink, his tab was about $13.
Now, he is cooking burgers at home instead.
“I like Five Guys, but I can buy ground beef and one onion and get pretty close to the same burger for half the cost,” said Mr. Cockerline, who rarely goes to Five Guys anymore. “A hamburger, to me, is not a luxury,” he said.
Five Guys declined to comment.
Lunch traffic to quick-serve hamburger restaurants fell 5% last year—the biggest year-to-year decline that market-research firm NPD Group Inc. has recorded.
“It’s not sustainable for them to expect people to show up and spend $13 on a burger on a consistent basis,” said Kurt Kane, chief concept and marketing officer at Wendy’s Co., which is among the fast-food burger chains engaged in a price war to attract and keep their core, budget-conscious customers. Wendy’s has a deal of four items for $4.
Mr. Cockerline now mostly goes to Wendy’s when he is too busy to cook—because he can’t make a meal for any cheaper than $4, he said.
The average lunch burger check—including fries and a beverage—has risen 22% since the financial crisis to $5.83, with a 4% increase last year alone, NPD says.
Choices used to be limited to fast-food chains such as McDonald’s Corp. and Restaurant Brands International
Inc.’s Burger King, diners, or sit-down chains that served a range of other menu items.
In the 2000s, quick-serve restaurants such as Shake Shack Inc., Smashburger Master LLC and BurgerFi In ternational LLC, specializing in making bigger burgers with fresh ingredients, began popping up.
The number of such outlets has nearly quadrupled in the U.S. since 2005 to more than 2,700, according to restaurant consultancy Technomic Inc.
Today, the fast-food and fast-casual burger business is estimated at $82 billion in sales, says Technomic.
With so much competition and only so many ways to differentiate a burger, upstarts have been coming out with evermore gourmet ingredients, such as Wagyu beef, roasted garlicaioli and truffled arugula, which have raised the bar for burgers overall—and their price tag.
All restaurant tabs have climbed in recent years as labor costs have risen largely because of state and local minimum-wage increases. The cost of eating out—especially when cooking at home has be- come cheaper—is a significant reason hamburger chains are seeing less foot traffic, NPD restaurant analyst Bonnie Riggs said.
Many burger places also have been placing a premium on their food. Those places have found they can beef up profits by charging extra for additional toppings.
“We’ve had a good 10% increase in average check over the last couple of years,” said Andrew Wiederhorn, chief executive of Fatburger North America Inc. “Menu price increases are a piece of that, but 60% of it is from premium offerings we’ve added to the menu, like fried egg or guacamole.”
A basic hamburger at the Los Angeles-based chain starts at $5.94, but after adding bacon and chili, it is $8.14. With fries and a drink, the combo totals $13.37.
The Habit Restaurants Inc. has raised overall prices in response to rising labor costs and has added higher-priced items such as a Portabella Charburger, which at $4.75 costs $1.40 more than the original Charburger. With fries and a medium drink, it comes to $8.75.
Some traditional fast-food chains have struggled to at- tract customers who have mi- grated to places serving more gourmet food. McDonald’s recently adopted a back-to-basics approach after years of chasing health-minded customers with products such as salads and fruit smoothies. It had neglected its burgers and recently found that only one in five millennials had ever tried its signature Big Mac.
The burger giant has been trying to improve its burgers by adjusting temperatures and cook times to deliver hotter, fresher burgers. Next year, it plans to make its Quarter Pounders with fresh, instead of frozen, beef. It is also rolling out customizable burgers from a “Signature Crafted” menu to compete with the “better” burger places, but at a lower price.
Burger King’s deals include two cheeseburgers, a small order of fries and a small drink for $3.29 at participating restaurants. McDonald’s has experimented with value meals, such as two items for $5. Wendy’s created its four- for-$4 menu because it found that, on average, people only have $4 to $6 to spend on lunch each day.